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Indic Languages

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What comes into your mind when you think of India?

Yoga? Exotic destination? History? Cradle of great religions? Bollywood?

Chaotic traffic? Cheap shopping? Colourful culture? Crowd?

You are not alone.

But one tends to get very much overwhelmed when faced with almost everything in India. It is after all the country with the second largest population in the world and according to The World Population Prospect, the 2017 Revision, roughly by 2014, India is expected to surpass China as the most populous country in the world.

With such a huge population and such diverse culture, race and religion, it is no surprise that the number of languages of spoken across this land is as many as 880.

Does that mean that if you are trying to penetrate the Indian market, you will need very deep pockets when it comes to translation and localisation budget??

Well, yes and no.

No. Because you don’t have to do it for all 880 languages.

Yes. Because the Indian Constitution does not mandate official languages for its 29 states and 7 union territories.  Although the official language of the Indian Union is Hindi, there are 31 official languages recognised in India: 22 adopted by the different state and union territories and 10 additional languages retained by the State Sikkim for the purpose of preservation of culture and tradition in the state.

A sigh of relief? Maybe. But it is still quite a handful.

We have created a top 10 list for those languages with more than 1 million native speakers. We have also included the respective states/union territories these languages are used.

Language No.of Users Place of use
Hindi 422,048,642.00 Andaman-Nicobar Islands
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Daman and Diu
Lakshadweep
Bihar
Chhattisgarh
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jharkhand
Madhya Pradesh
Mizoram
NCT of Delhi
Rajasthan
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Bengali 83,369,769.00 Assam
Tripura
West Bengal
Telugu 74,002,856.00 Andhra Pradesh
Puducherry
Telangana
Marathi 71,936,894.00 Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Goa
Maharashtra
Tamil 60,793,814.00 Tamil Nadu
Puducherry
Urdu 51,536,111.00 Andhra Pradesh
Bihar
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
NCT of Delhi
Telangana
Uttar Pradesh
West Bengal
Gujarati 46,091,617.00 Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Daman and Diu
Gujarat
Kannada 37,924,011.00 Karnataka
Malayalam 33,066,392.00 Kerala
Puducherry
Odia 33,017,446.00 Odisha
West Bengal
Language that can be considered
Language No.of Users Place of use
Punjabi 29,102,477.00  Delhi
Haryana
Punjab
West Bengal

That being said, India is one of the countries outside the western world where English is also an official language and it is widely used. In fact, it is so widely used that Hindi and English are on par, in 16 states, as the status of one of the official languages. Do note that these states are not the same though.

Now that you know all these, do you believe that this is just the tip of the iceberg??!!

With more than 2 decades of experience in providing translation and localisation services for numerous Indic languages, we can share this valuable experience with you. With our ISO 17100 certification, you can now leave the tedious task of translation to our professional team of linguists and project managers.

Contact us now at +65 6570 0138 or fill up our web inquiry form immediately. We are ready to share our experience with you.

Source:

https://www.readmeindia.com/how-many-languages-in-india/#21-languages

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/indias-population-to-surpass-that-of-chinas-around-2024-un/articleshow/59257045.cms

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